Ovarian Tumor Treatment in Thane
What is Ovarian tumor?
Ovarian cancer refers to the cancerous growth that starts in the ovaries. It is the third most frequent kind of cancer in Indian women. However, it is one of the cancers that are detected in the later stages when they are relatively challenging to treat. With age, the chance of having ovarian cancer rises. It is more common in women over the age of 50 who have entered the menopausal stage. A positive family history is also thought to be a substantial risk factor for ovarian cancer.
Risk factors and their causes
- Age: Ovarian cancer is most common in women aged 50 to 60.
- Family History: Women who have close relatives with ovarian or breast cancer are at a greater risk.
- Inherited gene mutations: Ovarian cancer is caused by a limited number of hereditary genes, including BRCA1 and BRCA2.
- Breast Cancer: Women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer are more likely to get ovarian cancer.
- Replacement hormone therapy: Long-term HRT at high dosages raises the risk of ovarian cancer.
- Obesity: Obese women seem to be at a higher risk of getting ovarian cancer.
- Endometriosis: Women who acquire endometriosis are more likely to get ovarian cancer.
- Entering menstruation early or starting menopause later raises the risk of ovarian cancer.
Symptoms of ovarian tumor
- Pelvic or lower abdominal pain
- Back Pain
- Frequent urination
- Pain during intercourse
- As the cancer spreads, the following symptoms emerge:
- Unknown cause of weight loss
- Tiredness and loss of appetite
- Feeling full quickly after eating
- Bloating or swelling in the abdomen
Diagnosis of ovarian tumor
- Physical Examination: During the physical examination, the doctor investigates the patient’s health, medical history, and other factors in order to identify potential risk factors. A pelvic examination to look for evidence of an enlarged ovary or fluid in the abdomen.
Blood test (CA125): A blood test may be conducted to search for a biomarker in the blood called CA125. High CA125 levels in the blood may be a sign of the development of ovarian cancer. This molecule, however, is not limited to ovarian cancer, and high levels of this biomarker may be produced by a variety of disorders.
- If you have regular bloating, a sense of fullness, a loss of appetite, or pelvic or abdominal discomfort, a CA125 blood test should be performed.
- Imaging Tests: Imaging tests may determine if ovarian cancer has progressed to other organs. They may also reveal additional information, such as the tumor’s size, precise location, stage, and grade. Aside from that, imaging test findings may assist in treatment planning and therapy monitoring.
- Ultrasound is one of the most routinely utilized imaging techniques for detecting ovarian cancer. It detects anomalies such as solid masses or fluid-filled cysts using high-energy sound waves. A transvaginal ultrasound may indicate the size of the ovaries as well as any structural abnormalities in the ovaries and adjacent organs, such as the vagina, uterus, bladder, or fallopian tubes.
- PET/CT or MRI scan: A PET/CT or MRI scan may be ordered to search for evidence of ovarian cancer that has progressed to the abdomen or pelvis.
- Chest X-ray: A chest X-ray is advised to determine if ovarian cancer has progressed to the lungs or whether fluid has accumulated around the lungs.
- Abdominal fluid aspiration: If there is a buildup of fluid in the abdomen and it seems larger, it is probable that ovarian cancer has spread. A small needle is put into the abdomen to collect a sample of fluid that will be tested for cancer cells later.
- Laparoscopy: A doctor uses a thin, lighted tube to examine the ovaries and other pelvic organs and tissues. The tube is introduced via a small incision in the lower abdomen and sends images of the pelvis or abdomen to a video monitor. Laparoscopy findings may aid in disease stage and therapy planning.
Surgery may be used to confirm a cancer diagnosis, assess the stage of the disease, and remove the tumor. Specialists examine a variety of surgical techniques to properly handle ovarian malignancies.
To analyze the tumor, a lymph node biopsy, or the excision of all or part of a lymph node, is done.
- Unilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy: This surgery removes one ovary and one fallopian tube.
- Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy: This procedure removes both the ovaries and the fallopian tubes.
- Omentectomy: This procedure involves the excision of peritoneal tissue (the omentum), which contains lymph nodes.
The womb is totally removed during a hysterectomy surgery. There are several forms of hysterectomy, and the appropriate surgery is used depending on the stage of the illness.
- The uterus is removed during a partial hysterectomy.
- The uterus and cervix are removed during a total hysterectomy.
- The uterus, cervix, and one ovary and fallopian tube (unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy) or both ovaries and fallopian tubes (bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy) are removed during total hysterectomy.
Chemotherapy has long been considered the gold standard of treatment for ovarian cancer. Chemotherapy may also be used as adjuvant treatment after surgery to treat any residual tumor and reduce the chance of recurrence, especially in late stages of ovarian cancer.
Targeted treatment employs medications that can target specific protein particles found in cancer cells, as well as certain genes and the tumor environment. Targeted therapy medications are typically reserved for the treatment of recurrent or resistant ovarian malignancies. Cancer cells will be screened before injection to identify which targeted treatment is most likely to be successful.
Since important organs are in the radiation field, a large dose cannot be safely delivered in the case of ovarian cancers. Furthermore, radiation treatment may be ineffective for advanced-stage ovarian cancer. Radiation therapy is, therefore, frequently avoided because the important organs may be unable to endure the complications
For more information & consultation on Ovarian Tumor in Thane, visit Complete Women’s Care at Ghodbunder road, Thane or contact us on 9833074977 or simply fill in your name and number & one of our team member will get in touch with you soon. Our team of experts along with Dr. Arohi Tasgaonkar, MS (ObGy), DNB (ObGy), and one of the best Gynecologist in Ghodbunder Road Thane will help you out in understanding your problem and guide you through every stage of your treatment.