Hysterectomy – Uterus Removal Surgery
In a hysterectomy, surgeons might remove all or part of the uterus and other reproductive organs, depending on the condition being treated.
What conditions are treated by Hysterectomy?
Hysterectomy is used to treat the following conditions:
- Uterine fibroids
- Adenomyosis (or endometriosis of the uterus)
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Cancer of the uterus
- Heavy bleeding and painful periods
Bleeding after menopause
What are types of hysterectomy and its significance?
- Total hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus and cervix (the lower section of the uterus that exits into the vagina).
- Subtotal hysterectomy refers to the removal of the uterus while leaving the cervix intact.
- Radical hysterectomy: surgical removal of the uterus, cervix, upper section of the vagina, and surrounding tissue, usually for cancer.
- Vaginal hysterectomy: This less invasive procedure includes just one vaginal incision. The surgeon puts surgical equipment via the vaginal incision into the uterus in order to remove it.
- Laparoscopic hysterectomy: A laparoscopy, which is also a minimally invasive technique, needs a few small (less than one centimetre) incisions in the lower abdomen. Through the incisions, the surgeon inserts a laparoscope (a thin tube equipped with a lighted camera) and surgical tools to see the pelvic organs and remove the uterus.
- Robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy: The surgeon performs a laparoscopic hysterectomy using robotic technology that may help with vision and control.
- Abdominal hysterectomy: In this classic, open method, the physician performs the surgery via a single lengthy incision in the lower abdomen.
What are the benefits of hysterectomy ?
The following are some of the advantages of minimally invasive techniques versus open surgery:
- Less discomfort after the surgery
- Shorter hospital stays, with the majority of patients returning home the same day
- Recovery time is reduced.
- Reduced infection risk