Breast Cancer Treatment in Thane
What exactly is breast cancer screening?
Breast cancer screening which includes obtaining mammography (type of xray) of the breasts. Screening may aid in the detection of breast cancers when they are too small to see or feel. for Breast Cancer Treatment book an appointment with our Breast Pain doctor in Thane, Dr. Arohi Tasgaonkar.
It is important to remember that screening will not prevent you from getting breast cancer but aims to find early breast cancers.
What are the types of breast cancer screening?
A self-examination may be performed once a month during a bath, with the optimal time being shortly after the end of menstruation. This helps to keep any irregularities, lumps, skin, nipple, and so on in mind. Breast cancer awareness also involves understanding about the disease. When breast cancer develops, a woman should be informed of the potential alterations that may occur.
Clinical Breast Examine (CBE)
Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) refers to a visit to a doctor during which the doctor does a complete review of the patient’s history and a body checkup, including a breast examination, with the goal of detecting any suspected abnormalities.
Mammography is an unique x-ray of the breast that is done in two directions to detect any abnormal tumors in the breast. Mammography can detect very small lumps which may not be felt by hand. then a doctor’s advice for subsequent therapy is important.
Breast ultrasound imaging is a method that uses sound waves to see the interior structures, blood vessels, tissues, and muscles of the breast. It detects lumps and monitors blood flow in the breasts.This scan is advised if a doctor detects a breast tumour, enlargement in the breast region, or unusual discharge from the nipple. It may also be recommended in the event of an abnormal mammogram or as a guide to place a needle for biopsy.
Advanced imaging tools: Breast elastography and tomosynthesis are advanced imaging techniques. Breast tomosynthesis is a more advanced form of mammography that is more sensitive than standard mammography, and elastography is a type of ultrasound instrument that provides additional information about a breast lump.
Age group guidelines for breast cancer screening
Woman between the ages of 25 and 40, normal risk
The screening (early detection) criteria for a woman between the ages of 25 and 40 who does not have any inherited (familial) or other higher risk factors for breast cancer are as follows:
- CBE (clinical breast examination): This should be done every one to three years. Every year may be impracticable, but the risk of breast cancer in this age range is quite low, particularly in the late twenties and early thirties, and seeing a doctor just once every two to three years should not be a problem. But as a lady starts approaching her forties, it is preferable to visit the doctor once a year.
- Breast Cancer Awareness: Keeping in mind the signs of breast cancer, a woman should undertake a monthly self-examination a few days after menstruation.
Woman over the age of 40, normal risk
- The screening (early detection) criteria for a woman over the age of 40 who does not have any inherited (familial) or other higher risk factors (see below) for breast cancer are as follows:
- Breast Cancer Awareness: Keeping breast cancer signs in mind, a woman should undertake a monthly self-examination a few days after menstruation. Postmenopausal women may choose a specified day or week (for example, the first week of every month) and undertake Self Examination on a regular basis.
- Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) per year: An annual physical checkup by skilled and trained medical experts is required. Breast cancer risk increases when a woman reaches her late forties. As a result, the Clinical Examination will now be performed once a year.
- Mammography: Mammography is recommended once a year by most recommendations. Screening mammography is ineffective in women under the age of 40 because the density of breast tissue is significantly higher and small cancers may be overlooked. After 40 to 45 years, glandular tissue begins to diminish and fatty tissue takes over, making mammography more sensitive. It may be done once a year, but depending on the density of the breast, it can also be done every two years. As a result, it is always advised to get a Mammogram after consulting with your doctor.
Woman of any age increased risk
The screening (early detection) criteria for a woman who is at greater risk for breast cancer are as follows:
- Breast Cancer Awareness: Keeping breast cancer symptoms in mind, a woman should undertake a routine self inspection once a month, a few days after menstruation.
- Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) per year: An annual physical checkup by skilled and trained medical experts is required. In certain really high-risk instances, physicians may even recommend a meeting twice a year, between particular ages.
- Mammography After the age of 25, women who have had chest radiation treatment should obtain a mammogram every year. Annual mammograms should begin at the age of 35 for people with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer. For women who have confirmed breast and ovarian cancer families (genetically) or who have several first or second degree relatives with breast or ovarian cancers , a yearly mammography should begin considerably earlier, around the age of 25. For several family cancers, physicians may prescribe an MRI of the breast instead of a mammogram. An yearly MRI of the breast is also advised as an addition to a mammography in the high risk areas listed above.
Which women are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer?
To put it simply, the following women are at a greater risk of acquiring breast cancer than the general population:
- Positive Family History: Breast or ovarian cancer has been diagnosed in one or more family members (blood relatives). However, not every breast cancer patient’s first degree relative is automatically classified as “high risk” for breast cancer.
- One or more family members (blood relatives) are known to have a ‘genetic’ defect that causes breast cancer. This significantly raises the likelihood of having breast cancer.
- Previous Chest wall radiation therapy: If a woman has had radiation therapy to her chest wall for any reason, she is at a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
The risk of developing breast cancer can be calculated in a number of ways, the most common of which is based on the women over the age of 35. Following this computation, if the woman’s 5-year chance of acquiring breast cancer is more than 1.7%, she is considered to be at an “increased” risk of developing breast cancer and must follow the “increased risk” recommendations. If the 5 year risk is less than 1.7%, the woman is considered to be at a ‘normal’ risk for breast cancer and may follow the ‘normal risk’ guidelines.
For more information & consultation on Breast Cancer Treatment in Thane, visit Complete Women’s Care at Ghodbunder road, Thane or contact us on 9833074977 or simply fill in your name and number & one of our team member will get in touch with you soon. Our team of experts along with Dr. Arohi Tasgaonkar, MS (ObGy), DNB (ObGy), and one of the best Gynecologist in Ghodbunder Road Thane will help you out in understanding your problem and guide you through every stage of your treatment.