High risk pregnancy specialist
A high-risk pregnancy is one in which the mother or baby may be at higher risk of health complications throughout the pregnancy, as well as during and after delivery. For more information consult our High risk pregnancy specialist Dr. Arohi Tasgaonkar.
Pre-Existing Factors for high risk pregnancy
An pregnant woman may be at a greater risk of pregnancy difficulties if she has any of the following pre-existing health conditions:
- Cardiovascular disease: Because of the increased demand on the circulatory system during pregnancy, a pre-existing cardiac problem might cause complications.
- Hypertension (high blood pressure): If you are pregnant, your blood pressure, or hypertension, should be closely checked.
- Obesity: Being considerably overweight or obese increases your chance of having issues such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and sleep apnea. Obesity is characterized as a BMI of 30 or above.
Diabetes: Women with type 2 diabetes are more likely to have a large baby, requiring a c-section.
- Sexually transmitted illnesses (STIs), including HIV, may affect pregnancy.
Autoimmune disease: Women with autoimmune diseases like lupus need to take extreme care to manage their disease while pregnant.
- Blood disorders: Disorders like sickle cell disease can cause a pregnancy to be high-risk.
- Maternal age: Mothers above the age of 35 and under the age of 18 are statistically more likely to have pregnancy problems.
Factors of lifestyle: Smoking, drinking, or taking drugs might raise the risk of pregnancy complications.
- Prior pregnancy difficulties: If you experienced issues during your previous pregnancy or delivery, you are more likely to have complications again.
Some pregnancy-related illnesses may increase the risk:
- Preeclampsia: preeclampsia is a severe blood pressure disorder that can affect all of the parts of the body in a pregnant woman. The illness commonly manifests itself during the third trimester of pregnancy. Women who have the aforementioned risk factors are more likely to develop preeclampsia.
- HELLP syndrome: Acronym that stands for hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count. This is a rare preeclampsia-related illness in which red blood cells are damaged or killed, causing the liver to bleed and clotting problems.
- Multiples: Women carrying more than one fetus are classed as having a high-risk pregnancy due to the increased chance of problems. Preeclampsia, early labor, and preterm delivery are all complications.
- Gestational diabetes: When a pregnant woman who has never had diabetes before acquires the condition during her pregnancy, she must take efforts to control it in order to prevent complications.
- Placenta previa: This is a condition in which the placenta falls low in the uterus. The placenta may obstruct the uterus, resulting in premature labor and/or hemorrhage.
- Placental abruption occurs when the placenta separates from the uterine wall earlier than expected.
- Placenta accreta: A condition in which the placenta attaches excessively tightly to the uterine wall, causing hemorrhaging after delivery.
- Infections: Certain infections can make a pregnancy high-risk. The chances of developing such an illness are normally quite minimal, however precautions should be taken to avoid:
- Preterm labor: You will need to be carefully observed if you have regular contractions that induce cervical dilation or dilatation before 37 weeks.
When Should You See a Doctor?
It is critical to get medical attention if you detect any unexpected symptoms such as:
- Chills and fever
- Swelling in many regions of the body Alteration in fetal movement ( decreased or excessive)
- Vaginal hemorrhage and watery discharge
- Blurry eyesight and severe headache
- Constant cramping and discomfort in the lower abdomen
- Urinary discomfort
- Vomiting and nausea
For more information consult our High risk pregnancy specialist Dr. Arohi Tasgaonkar.
High-Risk Pregnancy Tests
The following are common tests that your doctor may do if you are experiencing a high-risk pregnancy:
- Special ultrasound: This is an imaging technology that uses high-frequency sound to create an image of the baby in the uterus. The procedure aids in the detection of problems associated with abnormal development.
- Ultrasound for cervical length: In this case, an ultrasound procedure is utilized to estimate the size of the mother’s cervix and the probability of premature labor.
- Prenatal cell-free DNA analysis: The doctor may do this procedure to evaluate whether there is an increase in chromosomal issues. Doctors may extract DNA from the mother and the fetus from a maternal blood sample for this purpose.
- Genetic testing: Amniocentesis or chorionic Villus sampling may also be suggested by the doctor (CVS). These tests aid in the identification of any hereditary problems as well as serious brain or spinal cord abnormalities.
High-risk pregnancy symptoms
The following are the signs of a high-risk pregnancy, and if you experience any of them, you should see a doctor immediately.
- Vaginal bleeding may occur.
- Fluid leaking from your vagina. It is an emergency and requires immediate attention.
- Back or stomach discomfort and persistent pelvic pressure
- You may get unconscious.
- Unbearable abdominal or pelvic discomfort
- No movement in the baby.
- Hand, face, or foot swelling that occurs suddenly
High-risk pregnancy Prevention factors
You can prevent a high-risk pregnancy by taking the following steps:
- Schedule a preconception appointment: Doctor will advise you whether you need to take any precautions or if your baby is at risk due to genetic issues.
- Please avoid the following hazardous substance: When considering becoming a mother, it is essential to stop drinking, smoking, or taking drugs. It is not good for you or the baby.
- Making frequent OB/GYN appointments: Regular checks will avoid you from developing any issues. Doctors may also recommend healthy lifestyles to assist keep the infant healthy.
What is the treatment for a high-risk pregnancy?
The following actions may be recommended by the OB/GYN specialist to avoid the occurrence of high-risk pregnancy:
- The doctor may advise you to take at least 400 micrograms of folic acid throughout pregnancy at the start of your pregnancy.
- Go through proper immunizations
- Following a regular physical activity chart
- Keeping a healthy diet and a healthy weight
- Avoiding undesirable habits such as drugs, drinking, and smoking
- Regular appointment
For more information & consultation on High-Risk Pregnancy Care in Thane, visit Complete Women’s Care at Ghodbunder road, Thane, or contact us at 9833074977 or simply fill in your name and number & one of our team members will get in touch with you soon. Our team of experts along with Dr. Arohi Tasgaonkar, MS (ObGy), DNB (ObGy), and one of the best High risk pregnancy specialist in thane will help you out in understanding your problem and guide you through every stage of your treatment.